Adverse effects of private supplementary tutoring: dimensions, implications and government responses

Author(s) : Bray Mark

Editor : IIEP

Notes : 2003 | 84p.

Private supplementary tutoring has long been a major phenomenon in some parts of East Asia, particularly Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Taiwan. In recent decades it has grown significantly in both industrialized and less developed societies.

This monograph focuses on the adverse effects of private tutoring, which includes distortion of the mainstream curricula, pressure on young pupils, exacerbation of social inequalities, and manipulation of clients by tutors - particularly in situations where mainstream teachers provide paid supplementary tutoring for their own pupils after school hours. It begins by considering the nature, scale, and causes of private supplementary tutoring. It then turns to the impact of tutoring on mainstream lessons, on societies, and on economies. It goes on to analyze government responses, with reference to the cases of Mauritius, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and the Republic of Korea. It comments on the implications of each of these strategies and, for policy-makers who decide to recognize and regulate tutoring, elaborates on ways in which this can be achieved.

ISBN: 92-803-1240-5

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  • Series :
    Ethics and corruption in education
  • Document language : Persian, English