Democratisation and corruption in Mongolia

Author(s) : Fritz, Verena

Imprint : 2007

Collation : p. 191-203

Series : Public Administration and Development, 27, 3, Symposium on Political Corruption

Notes : Incl. tables and bibl. references

Subsequent to the end of the communist system in 1990, Mongolia has established a democratic regime, and has been assessed as being relatively well governed. However, more recently, corruption has been worsening, despite the continuation of a democratic regime. This article inquires into the drivers of corruption and into the reasons for why accountability has not been more effective despite a democratic form of government. The availability of three major forms of rents (i.e. foreign aid, privatisation and natural resource extraction) is discussed as important drivers. The recent mining boom appears to have reinforced weaknesses in Mongolia's system of accountability. Underlying weaknesses include certain communist legacies, especially of opaque government and of a dependent judicial system, and substantially increased inequality as a result of transition democratic form of government.

  • Accountability, Anti-corruption strategies, Judiciary, Corporate sector, Corruption, Development aid, Economic and social development, Governance, Social inequality, Transparency
  • Asia and the Pacific