Targeting pro-poor incentives
In this context, IIEP has launched a study comparing different mechanisms of allocation of incentives in order to determine which ones prove more (or less) successful in reaching their intended beneficiaries according to various contextual elements. The research concentrated on the case of seven countries that undertook radical reforms of their policy of targeting incentives – USA, Brazil, Peru, South Africa, Cambodia, India, and Viet Nam. The countries were selected according to criteria representing the main differences that permeate incentive programmes, including:
- Focus of incentives: beneficiary-focused vs. school-focused;
- Selection of programme population: targeted vs. universal programme;
- Granting of incentives: conditional vs. unconditional;
- Nature of incentives: cash-based vs. in-kind;
- Mode of implementation: top down vs. community based.