Having been one of the first countries in Europe to enact a law on academic integrity, Montenegro has now adopted an Ethics Charter to further protect and promote academic integrity in higher education. This initiative, supported by the Council of Europe, benefited from IIEP-UNESCO’s technical expertise.
Uzbekistan has undertaken significant legal and institutional reforms to combat corruption in recent years. Among these, is the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № UP-5729 "On measures to further improve the anti-corruption system in the Republic of Uzbekistan" adopted on May 27, 2019.
The Institute of Research and Action on Fraud and Plagiarism in Academia (IRAFPA*) has become a reference institution in the area of scientific integrity. This is due to the relevance of its operational methodology, its success as both a mediator and in providing individualised support, as well as its institutional certification programme.