Public expenditure tracking surveys

Public expenditure tracking surveys (PETS) study the flow of public funds and make it possible to determine whether resources reach their intended destination, or if there are leakages along the way.

The scope of PETS can vary according to the type of expenditures tracked, the number of levels of public administration involved, and the sectors analysed. They are most relevant where public accounting systems function poorly or provide unreliable information.
 

Several dozen PETS have been implemented around the world (to access country reports, go to ETICO page on Statistics). Results show that the percentage of leakage rates can range from 87 per cent of the per capita subsidy paid to primary schools in Uganda in 1995 (Reinikka and Smith, 2004) to 49 per cent of the non-wage funds allotted to primary schools in Ghana in 1998 (Ye and Canagarajah, 2002).

Studies have also shown that leakage rates can depend on a number of variables, such as school size, location, student poverty level, teacher profiles, and funding modalities. For example, the leakage rate was 10 per cent for rule-based funding applied to primary schools, versus 76 per cent for the discretionary funding given by local authorities to schools in Zambia in 2001 (Das et al., 2004). Read more here
 
To begin to implement a PET download a sample questionnaire to collect data at the school level.

In the media

06.03.2024

In the media

Fake academic papers are on the rise: Why they’re a danger and how to stop them

By Lex Bouter - The Conversation

27.02.2024

In the media

Qualification authentication system to combat fake degrees

By Wagdy Sawahe - University World News

Stay informed About Etico

Sign up to the ETICO bulletin to receive the latest updates

Submit your content

Help us grow our library by sharing your content on corruption in education.