Improving student performance in public primary schools in developing countries: evidence from Indonesia

Author(s) : Suryadarma, Daniel; Suryahadi, Asep; Sumarto, Sudarno; Rogers, F. Halsey

Organization : World Bank

Imprint : 2004

Collation : 28 p.

Notes : Published in: Education Economics, Volume 14, Issue 4, 2006

This paper investigates the correlates of student performance in mathematics and dictation tests among schoolchildren in Indonesia. This is the first such study to use a new nationally representative sample of Indonesian primary-school students. Our dataset includes unique data on teacher absenteeism collected through direct observation, the first ever in Indonesia. We find that teacher absenteeism is indeed a significantly negative correlate of student performance, while availability of school facilities predicts better performance. We also find a significant non-monotonic concave relationship between pupil-teacher ratio and student's mathematics performance. Finally, we discuss the policy implications of the results.

  • Anti-corruption strategies, Legal framework, Construction and equipment of schools / universities, Corruption, Absenteeism, Diagnostic tools / surveys, Economic and social development, Examinations and diplomas, Students, Teachers, Primary education
  • Asia and the Pacific