High level or "grand" corruption takes place at the policy formulation end of politics. It refers not so much to the amount of money involved as to the level at which it occurs – where policies and rules may be unjustly influenced. The kinds of transactions that attract grand corruption are usually large in scale – and therefore involve more money than "petty" corruption. Grand corruption is sometimes used synonymously with political corruption, referring to the corruption involved in financing political parties and political campaigns.
Fraud in public tendering for school construction or textbook production.