Governance Matters VII: aggregate and individual governance indicators, 1996-2007

Author(s) : Kaufmann, Daniel; Kraay, Aart; Mastruzzi, Massimo

Organization : World Bank Institute, World Bank

Imprint : Washington D.C., World Bank, 2008

Series : The governance matters series, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4654

Notes : Incl. bibliographical notes and references, figures, tables, statistical annex

This paper reports on the latest update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project, covering 212 countries and territories and measuring six dimensions of governance between 1996 and 2007: Voice and Accountability, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, and Control of Corruption. The latest aggregate indicators are based on hundreds of specific and disaggregated individual variables measuring various dimensions of governance, taken from 35 data sources provided by 32 different organizations. The data reflect the views on governance of public sector, private sector and NGO experts, as well as thousands of citizen and firm survey respondents worldwide. The authors also explicitly report the margins of error accompanying each country estimate (these reflect the inherent difficulties in measuring governance using any kind of data). They also briefly describe the evolution of the WGI since its inception, and show that the margins of error on the aggregate governance indicators have declined over the years, even though they still remain non-trivial. They find that even after taking margins of error into account, the WGI permit meaningful cross-country comparisons as well as monitoring progress over time. In less than a decade, a substantial number of countries exhibit statistically significant improvements in at least one dimension of governance, while other countries exhibit deterioration in some dimensions.

  • Accountability, Anti-corruption strategies, Legal framework, Monitoring / control, Corporate sector, Corruption, Diagnostic tools / surveys, Economic and social development, Educational management, Governance, Non-governemental organizations, Public sector
  • International