Academic fraud is on the rise worldwide in developing and developed countries alike. Varieties of academic fraud include cheating in high-stakes examinations, plagiarism, credentials fraud, and misconduct in reform policies, as documented in IIEP’s publication Combating Academic Fraud: Towards a culture of integrity. This has become a major challenge in some areas of the world, such as the former Soviet countries. In Ukraine, an independent institution for external student achievement assessment has been created in order to promote more transparent access to higher education (read the full study).
The diversification of higher education services and delivery systems, increased competition among students and institutions, globalization and the cross-border education phenomenon are major global trends that present new challenges and opportunities for academic fraud. In the 2007 Global University Network for Innovation (GUNI) report, IIEP reflected on these new challenges and suggested six lines of action to address them:
- Regulating the market with transparent criteria,
- Reducing the risk of conflicts of interest,
- Developing standards and codes of practice of academic integrity,
- Using more effective and transparent management tools,
- Facilitating public access to information, and
- Establishing and using awareness indicators, i.e., ‘red flags’.
Click here for full GUNI report article.
IIEP plays a key role in developing strategies to support countries to improve university admissions and create university charts of ethics. Recently, IIEP helped the University of Rabat in Morocco to develop a chart of ethics. The Institute explained in detail the prerequisites for an effective application of ethical charts, and advocated for the involvement of both faculty and students at each stage of the charter’s development, and for the implementation of indispensable mechanisms to ensure its enforcement. For more information on IIEP’s work with the University of Rabat click here.