Corruption was symptomatic of business and government interactions in Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union before and during the economic transition of the 1990s. Corruption is difficult to quantify, but the perception of corruption is quantifiable.
Heyneman, Stephen P.; Anderson, Kathryn H.; Nuraliyeva, Nazym
Rigged calls for tender, embezzlement of funds, illegal registration fees, academic fraud - there is no lack of empirical data illustrating the diverse forms that corruption can take in the education sector.
This paper will draw on standard international definitions of 'corruption' and apply them to the education sector. It will define corruption in education, explain why it is important, and describe various types of corruption and their causes.
This book documents the importance and extent of academic fraud. It identifies major varieties of academic fraud such as cheating in high stakes examinations, plagiarism, credentials fraud, and misconduct in reform policies.
The teaching of ethics can play a decisive role in the work for sustainability. Ethical values are the principal factor in social cohesion and, at the same time, the most effective agent of change and transformation.
World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology, COMEST