This study analyses the issue of comparative corruption in the national higher education sectors in the United States and the Russian Federation. In both nations, higher education is a major part of public policy and constitutes a significant part of the public sector.
The Academic Integrity Rating System (AIRS) is modeled after the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE) Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System (STARS).
Higher education in the US may be characterized by the complexity and plurality of forms of organization, governance, management, financing, and property. Higher education institutions serve the industry.