Investigating corruption in American higher education: the methodology
Higher education in the US may be characterized by the complexity and plurality of forms of organization, governance, management, financing, and property. Higher education institutions serve the industry. In this sense, community colleges are not less linked to businesses than major research universities. Financial flows in the higher education industry, including educational loans, governmental grants, and returns on endowments are plentiful. As in any other industry, organizational complexity, unclear nature of the final product, and significant financial flows serve as necessary grounds for corruption. Few authors address corruption in the US higher education industry. Their works often lack cohesive theoretical frameworks, synthesis, and carefully thought out policy implications, but nevertheless would be of high interest for policymakers, managers, and theorists. Policymakers, university administrators, and business managers will appreciate good description of forms of cooperation of industries and universities as well as problems that such cooperation creates or exacerbates and some of the prescriptions, offered by the authors, whereas theorists will find wealth of material on which to build some concepts and theories of social and ethical responsibility versus commercialization and perhaps even some interesting niches for possible corrupt activities in higher education.