Hidden challenges to education systems in transition economies
This book outlines the strategy of the World Bank to guide its work with Europe and Central Asia (ECA) clients in education. In the early stages of the transition, it was felt that education could be safely ignored, because the region faced staggering problems such as collapsing economies and rapidly increasing poverty. Ten years later, the reality has changed. Institutions are shifting, with significant consequences for education. In most countries, education systems have joined the ranks of the deeply troubled sectors. Significant problems have surfaced, e.g. problems of financing, efficiency, equity, governance, management and accountability. ECA education systems are not producing graduates able to adapt flexibly to the skill demands of interconnected market economies or vigorous civic societies. This book proposes ways to reframe the systems of education in the ECA to fit the new realities. It also discusses the role of the World Bank in the sector.