Anti-corruption policies in Asia and the Pacific: the legal and institutional framework for fighting corruption in twenty-one Asian and Pacific countries
As the harmful effects of corruption on economic development, political stability and social welfare today are apparent throughout the world, combating corruption enjoys high priority among governments and societies throughout the Asia-Pacific region. To strengthen regional cooperation in this endeavor, 23 countries have joined the Asian Development Bank (ADB)/ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Anti-Corruption Initiative for Asia and the Pacific. While the Initiative’s Action Plan has since triggered a broad range of legal and institutional anti-corruption reforms in participating countries, the battle against corruption is far from being won. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the particular challenges that the Asia-Pacific region is facing in this endeavor, this report reviews legal instruments and institutional mechanisms, anti-corruption policies and trends in the following 21 countries. The report provides a tool to measure progress over time and serves to disseminate good practices and experiences throughout the region. The Anti-Corruption Action Plan for Asia and the Pacific, endorsed by all these countries, serves as a reference standard for this analysis.