Corruption is at the core of weak governance. In the education sector, corruption is a threat to the quality of and access to education. Although the diagnosis is straightforward, effective reforms are more difficult to implement.
This cross-national study assesses the character and frequency of private informal payments made by families on behalf of their children attending primary and secondary schools in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Moldova, Slovakia, and Tajikistan.
Using the four principal functions of universities, this article examines several key dilemmas relating to governance of higher education in South East Asia, specifically in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.