Corruption is at the core of weak governance. In the education sector, corruption is a threat to the quality of and access to education. Although the diagnosis is straightforward, effective reforms are more difficult to implement.
The main purpose of the Guidance Note is to provide a basic description of the existing trends, challenges and opportunities in AILs, as well as highlight areas of program/policy opportunities and recommend feasible policy approaches.
Este estudo examina o controle social na educação básica pública e analisa a atuação do Estado brasileiro para exercê-lo sobre a população e os instrumentos dessa mesma populaç¦o para controlar esse Estado, em uma sociedade de classes marcada pelas desigualdades socia
Silva, Maria Abádia da; Braga, Marcus Vinicius de Azevedo
Higher education in the US may be characterized by the complexity and plurality of forms of organization, governance, management, financing, and property. Higher education institutions serve the industry.
Corruption in higher education is a newly emerging topic in the field of education research. Some aspects of corruption in education have been addressed in recent works by Eckstein, Hallak & Poisson, Heyneman, Noah & Eckstein, Segal, and Washburn.
Corruption was symptomatic of business and government interactions in Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union before and during the economic transition of the 1990s. Corruption is difficult to quantify, but the perception of corruption is quantifiable.
Heyneman, Stephen P.; Anderson, Kathryn H.; Nuraliyeva, Nazym