Combating academic fraud: Towards a culture of integrity
This book documents the importance and extent of academic fraud. It identifies major varieties of academic fraud such as cheating in high stakes examinations, plagiarism, credentials fraud, and misconduct in reform policies. Examples of measures to limit academic fraud are presented, including national and local government interventions, punitive measures, the activities of academic and professional organizations, and the promotion of greater academic integrity. Throughout, attention is drawn to increasing participation in academic activities, the importance of qualifications and printed credentials and the role of advanced technology in facilitating both fraud and efforts to combat it.