Corruption risks in education
IIEP has drawn a typology of those main areas (see table below).
Typology of opportunities of corruption in education
Areas of planning/management
Examples of opportunities for corrupt practices
|Finance and allocation of specific allowances|
|Construction, maintenance and school equipment||
Fraud in public tendering
Inflation of costs and activities
|Teacher management and behaviour|
Examinations and diplomas
Access to universities
Irregularity in producing and publishing information
Source: adapted from Hallak and Poisson, 2007.